Yo-ho-ho me hearties….hoping everyone had a “Jolly Roger" Christmas! It certainly won’t be long before we will journey on back to plunder around in our gyms, fields and other playing areas in 2018. A new YEAR…a new ADVENTURE!!!
Since many of us will be going back to a nice warm gym to start the new year and our students’ learning may be focused on outcomes related to educational gymnastics, rope jumping, hoop twirling, dance as well as fitness and balance activities, I thought I would touch upon one of the least discussed fundamental body movements taught in elementary Physical Education; Non- Locomotor Movement.
In this blog, we will look at SHAPE America’s Non-Locomotor Movement Grade Level Outcomes for Kindergarten to 5th Grade and list and define what I believe to be the top 10 Non-Locomotor skills used in physical education and give a few examples for each one.
Non-Locomotor movement can be defined as “movements that occur in the body parts or using the whole body but do not cause the body to travel to another space.”
SHAPE America highlights a number of non-locomotor movement Grade Level Outcomes for elementary-aged students that includes:
Kindergarten: Forms wide, narrow, curled, and twisted body shapes. (S1.E7.Kb), Rolls sideways in a narrow body shape. (S1.E9.K), Contrasts the actions of curling and stretching. (S1.E10.K)
1st Grade: Maintains stillness on different bases of support with different body shapes. (S1.E7.1), Transfers weight from one body part to another in self-space in dance and gymnastics environments. (S1.E8.1), Rolls with either a narrow or curled body shape. (S1.E9.1), Demonstrates twisting, curling, bending, and stretching actions. (S1.E10.1)
2nd Grade: Balances on different bases of support, combining levels and shapes. (S1.E7.2a), Balances in an inverted position with stillness and supportive base. (S1.E7.2b), Transfers weight from feet to different body parts/bases of support for balance and/or travel. (S1.E8.2), Differentiates among twisting, curling, bending, and stretching actions. (S1.E10.2), Combines balances and transfers into a 3-part sequence (i.e. dance, gymnastics). (S1.E11.2)
3rd Grade: Balances on different bases of support, demonstrating muscle tension and extensions of free body parts. (S1.E7.3), Transfers weight from feet to hands for momentary weight support. (S1.E8.3), Moves into and out of gymnastics balances with curling, twisting and stretching actions. (S1.E10.3), Combines locomotor skills and movement concepts (levels, shapes, extensions, pathways, force, time, flow) to create and perform a dance. (S1.E11.3), Combines balance and weight transfers with movement concepts to create and perform a dance. (S1.E12.3)
4th Grade: Balances on different bases of support on apparatus, demonstrating levels and shapes. (S1.E7.4), Transfers weight from feet to hands varying speed and using large extensions (e.g., mule kick, handstand, cartwheel). (S1.E8.4), Moves into and out of balances on apparatus with curling, twisting and stretching actions. (S1.E10.4), Combines locomotor and movement concepts (levels, shapes, extensions, pathways, force, time, flow) to create and perform a dance with a partner. (S1.E11.4), Combines traveling with balance and weight transfers to create a gymnastics sequence with and without equipment/ apparatus. (S1.E12.4)
5th Grade: Combines balance and transferring weight in a gymnastics sequence or dance with a partner. (S1.E7.5), Transfers weight in gymnastics and dance environments. (S1.E8.5), Performs curling, twisting and stretching actions with correct application in dance, gymnastics and small-sided practice tasks/games environments. (S1.E10.5), Combines actions, balances and weight transfers to create a gymnastics sequence with a partner on equipment/apparatus. (S1.E12.5), Combines actions, balances and weight transfers to create a gymnastics sequence with a partner on equipment/apparatus. (S1.E12.5)
The SHAPE America outcomes listed above incorporate several non-locomotor movement skills. Here are my Top 10 Non-Locomotor Movement Skills with definitions and examples for each:
Balance: An even distribution of weight enabling you to remain upright and steady (ex. gymnastics, golf)
Bend: To move from a straight position into a curved position at a joint (ex. dance, cheerleading)
Curl: To form your body into a curved shape (ex. fitness, rowing)
Pull: executing force to cause objects/people to move toward one's body (ex. tug-o-war, pull-ups)
Push: Applying force against an object or person to move it away from one's body or to move one's body away from the object or person (ex. fitness, shotput)
Stretch: Causing a specific muscle to become longer than it’s normal resting length (ex. Yoga, bowling)
Sway: Shifting weight from one side to the other side in a smooth fashion (ex. twirling a hoop, dance)
Swing: Moving a body part side to side or forward and back like a pendulum (ex. aerobics, cross-fit)
Turn: Rotating the body along the long axis (ex. ballet, gymnastics)
Twist: The rotation of a body part around its axis (ex. tumbling, dance)
Many of the movement skills listed above are utilized in a variety of physical education activities, games and sports. They are often combined with other fundamental body movements such as locomotor movement and manipulative skills. Defining the terms, along with demonstrating and practicing the skills will allow our students to learn the different movement concepts and help them acquire the skills necessary for increasing their overall physical literacy.
If you would like to have a bulletin board or gym wall visual display highlighting these Top 10 Non-locomotor movement skills, click the link to go to my FREEBIE of the Week page on Cap’n Pete’s Power PE brand new website and download the entire set!!!